The rightful owners referred to in this specific article are people who own the commercial secrets and users who possess the authorization for the owners.
Article 220. Whenever a device commits the crimes claimed in Article 213 through Article 219, it really is become sentenced to an excellent; its straight person that is responsible fee as well as other workers of direct duty ought to be punished according to the stipulations respectively stated within these Articles of the area.
Area 8. Crimes of Disrupting Marketplace Order
Article 221. Whoever fabricates and spreads falsified information to impair other individuals’s commercial reputation and commodity reputation, and results in significant losses to other people or if perhaps there are some other severe circumstances, will be sentenced not to a lot more than 2 yrs of fixed-term imprisonment, unlawful detention, that can in addition or solely be sentenced to an excellent.
Article 222. Where, in breach associated with state laws, an ad owner, marketing agency, or ad provider offers false promotion by using the benefit of marketing a commodity or solution, as soon as the circumstances are severe, he will probably be sentenced not to significantly more than 2 yrs of fixed-term imprisonment, unlawful detention, and may also in addition or solely be sentenced to an excellent.
Article 223. Where bidders distribute tenders in collusion and harm the interests of individuals welcoming tenders or any other bidders, so when the circumstances are severe, they will be sentenced never to a lot more than 3 years of fixed-term imprisonment, unlawful detention, that can in addition or solely be sentenced to an excellent.
Where bidders and individuals welcoming tenders damage the genuine passions of this state, collectives, additionally the public by colluding into the putting in a bid, these are typically become penalized prior to the stipulations stated in the preceding paragraph.
Article 224. Whoever, for the true purpose of unlawful control, makes use of among the following means during signing or executing a agreement to get home and products associated with the reverse celebration by fraudulence, and when how much money is fairly big, will be sentenced never to a lot more than 36 months of fixed-term imprisonment, unlawful detention, and may also in addition or solely be sentenced to an excellent; or be sentenced never to significantly less than 3 years rather than a lot more than ten years of fixed-term imprisonment and a superb, in the event that amount of cash is huge or there are more severe circumstances; or be sentenced to significantly more than a decade of fixed-term imprisonment or life imprisonment and an excellent or confiscation of home, in the event that sum of money is specially huge or there are more especially severe circumstances:
(1) indication an agreement within the title of the made-up product or under someone else’s title;
(2) utilize forged, modified, or invalid instruments that are negotiable other false certificates of home legal rights as guaranties;
(3) fulfill small-amount agreements or partially match the agreement, in the place of really satisfying the agreement, to inveigle the reverse celebration into continuing to signal and match the agreement;
(4) get into hiding after receiving items, re re re payment, advance re payment, or home as guaranty through the opposing celebration;
(5) defraud the party that is opposite home through other means.
Article 225. Whoever, in breach regarding the state stipulations, has one of many after unlawful company functions, which disrupts the marketplace order when the circumstances are severe, will be sentenced never to significantly more than 5 years of fixed-term imprisonment, unlawful detention, and can even in addition or solely be sentenced to an excellent for around 100 % rather than significantly more than 500 per cent of their unlawful earnings and, where in actuality the circumstances are specially severe, be sentenced never to lower than 5 years of fixed-term imprisonment and a superb for around 100 % and never significantly more than 500 per cent of his unlawful earnings or perhaps the confiscation of their home:
(1) participate in the monopoly company or monopolized commodities stipulated in laws and administrative laws, or any other commodities whose purchase and sale are managed, without authorization;
(2) purchase and offer import-export licenses, certificates of beginning, and procedure licenses or authorized papers stipulated by other legislation and administrative laws;
(3) conduct other unlawful company tasks that seriously disrupt the marketplace purchase.
Article 226. Whoever, by physical physical violence or coercion, forces others to shop for or offer commodities or offer or accept solutions is usually to be sentenced never to a lot more than 3 years of fixed-term imprisonment, unlawful detention, and will in addition or solely be sentenced to an excellent, in the event that circumstances are matchocean-review severe.